Jujube is an unusual fruit tree that’s native to chine but tends to easily thrive in our hot Texas climate. It is considered to be one of the easiest fruits to grow, with very little pests or problems ever reported to tree services Texas. You should definitely give it a try to Jujube tree Texas if you have struggled with other common fruit trees in the past.
Keep reading to find out more about the Jujube fruit tree, its characteristics, varieties, and adaptability!
Jujube tree Texas – Characteristics and Details
Fruit from the seedlings is usually very small. However, improved varieties can be about 2 inches long if grown in a proper environment. The fruit ripens in mid-to-late summer and will turn from light green to a dark brown as it matures on the tree. There’s only one seed inside the fruit which is why some people refer to this tree as Chinese Date. Still, the flavor and texture are more similar to an apple than a date.
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Varieties of Jujube tree Texas are cultivated either by root sprouts or seed from stands of trees scattered around the state. These seedlings are usually of bad quality; still, they are inexpensive, readily available, and fairly easy to maintain.
Two commonly known varieties in the state are Li and Lang. Li variety has a very large fruit and most people consider it to be the best flavored. However, it is somewhat later than other varieties but its flesh is edible when picked from the tree. This is probably the reason why Jujube is one of the most popular fruit trees for Austin!
On the other hand, Lang is the most widely grown and produces heavy crops of large pear-shaped fruit. Its fruit matures a little earlier than the Li variety and there’s a slight difference in skin color. Lang produces trees with more spreading branches than other Jujube trees.
Jujube fruit tree is usually adaptable to different types of soil. Still, they do require very good drainage in order to thrive. The tree is performing well at a wide range of soil pH. However, minor element deficiencies are possible in plants that are grown in soils with a pH above 7.8. Jujube tree Texas can survive in soils where most other trees would perish, so they are always a great option even for beginner gardeners!
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Jujube fruit tree prefers hot and dry climate, which is the main reason why this fruit successfully grows in Texas. This tree survived excess moisture and drought better than any other fruit plant in most researches. Even though it will survive in all areas of the state, Jujube is better adapted to the more arid areas. For this reason, most arborists consider it to be a North Texas tree. In addition, Jujubes don’t have problems with cold winter snaps and they usually bloom late so they escape spring frosts too.
Most of the time, Jujubes don’t have problems with tree diseases Texas. You might have some trouble with cotton root rot if it is present on the site. In this case, contact your local tree service Texas and consult how to get rid of this disease. Keep in mind not to replant the plant in the same area if its loss was contributed to cotton root rot. Most tree fungus Texas will continue to destroy plants until they are completely eliminated.
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Root sprouting usually happens under already established, mature plantings. It can lead to the formation of a thicket if you don’t do anything about it for a long time. The sprouts should be cut off at or under the grown as soon as they form. Avoid cultivation where possible since any root injury can encourage root sprouting.
Plants that are produced from these sprouts can’t produce the same type of fruit as the mother plants if the tops are grafted. Unless they are grafted, young plants shouldn’t be used as a source of new plants.
Q: Are Jujube trees invasive?
A: In some cases, the Jujube tree is considered invasive in Texas. It has a very strong, contorted root system and will try to get to water no matter what. Try not to plant it close to your house if there’s a good source of water inside since there are some owners who report roots are able to break through stone.
Q: How long does it take for Jujube to fruit?
A: It takes about 4 to 5 years for Jujube to fruit in Texas. Flowers will show up the same years as grafting or planting, and some specific cultivars are even able to bear some small fruit. Still, most cultivars will start producing years in the second year, but these are not very tasty and are rather small.
Q: Which Jujube is the best?
A: Li is considered to be the best Jujube variety in Texas. It is the meatiest, biggest, and sweet. Other popular varieties are Lang, Shiumen, and pear. Still, Li variety is the most commonly used and people report that it is the easiest to grow and tastiest.
Q: What does a jujube fruit taste like?
A: Jujube fruit is usually small and very sweet in Texas. When raw, this fruit has a sweet, apple-like flavor. It is usually eaten as a nutritious snack, which is why it is commonly dried. If you decide to dry it, expect a chewy texture and a similar taste to dates.
Q: Can I grow Jujube from seed?
A: Stones and kernels from fully matured Jujubes can be used to grow rootstock seedlings in Texas. The seeds can be germinated without stratification, but stratification makes germination much more reliable and easier. Moist sand is recommended for stratification by most arborists.
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Local Tree Experts Overview
Jujube tree Texas is considered to be one of the best fruit plants in the state. It produces large, tasty, and meaty fruit that’s fairly easy to grow. We recommend consulting with your local arborists to get tips about maintenance and care for this beautiful fruit tree!